Materials

Natural Stone
Granite
Limestone
Marble
Onyx
Slate
Soap Stone
Travertine

Engineered Stone
Caesarstone
Chroma by Tutto Marmo
SileStone

What is Granite and what can it be used for?

Granite is an intrusive igneous rock (formed from the slow cooling of magma underground); the major component of the continental crust, coarse grained, and composed of quartz along with a variety of feldspar minerals and micas.

Granite is one of the hardest materials on earth. It is long lasting, durable, and available in an array of colors and textures. It remains the top choice for kitchen and bath counter tops, tile floors, stair treads and many other design elements. Because of its exceptional strength, granite is well suited for exterior applications such as cladding, paving, and curbing, outperforming other materials in maintenance, physical characteristics, and life span.

While some synthetic surfaces scratch easily and melt under hot cookware, granite resists heat. Granite is also one of the most bacteria-resistant kitchen surfaces, and it is not affected by citric acid, coffee, tea, alcohol, or wine. It is also nearly impossible to scratch, and with proper cleaning, will not stain under normal use.

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What is Marble and what can it be used for?

Marble is a type of metamorphic rock which is characterized by swirls of color from impurities and the ability to take a very high polish. True marble comes from either limestone or dolomite. As these sedimentary rocks undergo heat and pressure, they recrystallize, forming marble. Marble often has no clearly discernible grain, and it is typically streaked with veins and clouds of impurity which vary widely in color. When cut into slabs, these impurities can create striking and fanciful designs. Pure white marble comes from limestone with no impurities, and it has historically been highly prized. Marble can also be black, gray, pink, or green, and it may be streaked with many variations of these colors.

Because of marble's beauty, it’s a popular choice for foyers, countertops, floors, fireplaces and hearths, tub decks and showers.

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What are Travertine, Limestone, and Slate, and what can they be used for?

Travertine, limestone, sandstone, and slate are other examples of natural stone frequently used in residential applications.

Travertine is a type of limestone and is one of the most popular natural stones for interior and exterior wall cladding, interior and exterior paving, statuary, and curbing. It is also used for bathroom counter tops, tub decks and thresholds.

Limestone is a sedimentary stone, layered and formed from the skeletons and shells of sea creatures. Limestone varies in colors from gray to buff, while some pastel shades of yellow to pink are available. Popular uses include countertops, flooring, interior and exterior wall cladding, and exterior paving.

Slate is a fine grained, metamorphic stone derived from sedimentary rocks shale. Slate can be multi-shaded or uniform in color, available in shades of green, purple, black, gray or dark red. Slate is a popular flooring material and sandstone and slate are often used for exterior paving stones. Other slate uses include kitchen and bath countertops, fireplaces, tabletops and pool sides.

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What is Soapstone and what can it be used for?

Soapstone is made up of mineral deposits created by nature and quarried from the earth. The main mineral components in soapstone include talc, chlorite, dolomite and magnesite, giving it a warm, soft feeling to the touch. Soapstone has a unique soft color with light flowing veins. When cut, it oxidizes from light grey to dark charcoal in color. In addition to soapstone’s traditional uses, it is currently used for stair treads, and counter tops. Soapstone won't burn or stain and requires very little maintenance. True Soapstone is inert. Alkalis and acids won't affect it as they will granite, marble, or slate.

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What is Caesarstone and what can it be used for?

CaesarStone is a man-made stone that is many times harder than natural stone, making is scratch and stain resistant. CaesarStone is 93% crushed quartz, one of nature's hardest minerals. The quartz is combined with high-quality polymer resins and pigments and then compacted under intense vibration, vacuum, and pressure into dense, non-porous slabs. The slabs are post cured, gauged to precise thickness, and polished to an enduring shine. Caesarstone is used for countertops. It is a very durable product that is scratch, crack, heat and stain resistant. It is low maintenance and resistant to household cleaners. It is one of the few products that have a lifetime warranty.

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What is SileStone and what can it be used for?

Silestone countertops are made from about 93% quartz and 7% polymer with color. They are produced by a company called Cosentino. A Silestone countertop is known for its durability and hardness. Silestone is also called engineered stone or manufactured quartz. Unlike some natural stones such as granite, Silestone needs no sealant because it has a polished surface that repels staining. However, it's still best to clean up stains on any type of countertop immediately because both staining and polishing do not actually prevent stains, but resist them. Silestone countertops are available in many different finishes, but since Silestone is polished it already has a little bit of shine to it. The color and pattern consistency of a Silestone countertop is often more appealing to homeowners than natural stone such as granite. A popular selling feature of Silestone countertops is their durability. They are known to handle a lot of tough use, such as in busy family kitchens. The denseness of Silestone makes it extremely strong and long lasting. A Silestone countertop is more stain and heat resistant that a stone countertop such as granite. Because Silestone is also acid resistant, acidic foods such as citrus fruits, soda and vinegar are less likely to damage the countertop. The non-porous, hard surface of Silestone countertops also resists scratches. Many people like the mold and mildew resistant qualities of a Silestone countertop and give this characteristic as the main reason for choosing Silestone over materials such as granite.

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